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Black and White Rhino

In Africa, we get two species of rhino: the black rhino (sometimes called the hook-lipped rhino) and the white rhino (the square-lipped rhino). Both species are large, robust mammals with two horns on the front of their face. The white rhino is the largest of all rhino species and uses its wide mouth to graze grasses. The black rhino is smaller, but much more temperamental. It is a browser, meaning it eats leaves off of shrubs, trees and bushes.


Rhino Conservation

Rhino numbers are decreasing globally due to persistent poaching and habitat loss over many decades. Three species of rhino—black, Javan, and Sumatran—are critically endangered.

Rhino horn is used in traditional Asian medicine, particularly in Vietnam and China. There is no scientific evidence that the horn is beneficial in any way, as it is made of keratin, the same protein that our hair and nails are made of. Some ways that reserves have tried to combat the rhino poaching is by establishing Anti-Poaching Units (APU). These teams work with high-tech gear and trained dogs to help catch potential poachers. Many reserves have also dehorned their rhinos, which grow back after time. This has been shown to have some success, but unfortunately is always enough to deter poachers.

There are multiple efforts, on the ground in Africa and abroad, that are doing their part to help the war on poaching. Explore the links below to learn more and see what you can do to help.

Rhino Revolution

The Crash

Wild Response

Nkombe Rhino Trust

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